In 2009, export-orientated Dalang Town, wool enterprises generally face shrinking of the market, financing difficulties, lower performance, recruitment difficulties in a range of issues.
In order to get rid of the shadow of the financial crisis, we are looking for life-saving straw, in particular the problem of financing, a number of foreign wool business, assets, strength, but rely on long-term lease financing of plant operations and become a fatal injury; recruitment has become difficult to Knitwear company one of the major problems demanding prompt solution.
To speed up the wool industry, and upgrade, Dalang Government has put in more than 5000 million to build wool textile and apparel fashion design creative zone; to help small and medium enterprises and buyers face to face talk business.
2010 is already coming, is this wool industry to another spring?
From Dalang to official data show that in 2009 the big Long wool industry cluster centered on a total of nearly ten thousand companies between the wool, accounting for 90% of the entire enterprise, Dongguan share of wool, of which there are only 3,000 Dalang, industry as a whole group reached 1.2 billion annual sales, while the Dalang is occupied, nearly 800 million, of which exports accounted for 60% of export.
In 2009, Dalang Town, wool enterprises above designated size industrial output value of 4.83 billion yuan, an increase of 19%, and wool exports increased by 29%.
August 12 last year, the CPC Central Committee, visited the Guangdong provincial party secretary Wang Yang, Dalang, members expressed “very pleased” with the industrial restructuring and upgrading Dalang have achieved success. Wang Yang affirmed the Dalang Woolen industrial transformation and upgrading, “the most typical, that is, the original mechanical looms eliminated, all replaced by a computer looms.”
2009: borrow money, being unable to recruit & P industry
“2009 encountered many difficulties, can survive only fail to get the threshold is to use less money, but also a lot of money.” Knitting Co., Ltd. Dongguan and chairman of Li Shu-fai and from the beginning of last year, it has been seeking be able to trust their own security company, but often run into a wall.
As a business owner, 100 million or less loan no problem, Shu Li and housing a car owned enterprises. But he is still the biggest problem facing the financing of the lack of bonding companies, LI Shu-hui, and in charge and knit, long-term financing through lease plant operators to become a fatal injury, and his enterprises to the huge million-dollar loan money, “a rented house, bank afraid to lend to you, but the other hand, if the money used to purchase land to build factories, find the money to put into production? ”
Of course, there is the enterprise’s own reasons, LI Shu, and It seems that some small businesses on the use of the funds is not very particular about, “how much money to go check how much money the financial”, which appears to outsiders is the financial situation of the unknown performance.
In addition to lack of money, Shu Li, and still missing people, lack of front-line workers of the Pu. “Wages are about 1,000 yuan, why people go so far away,” Shu Li, and think that the advantages of working in Dongguan are not stronger than the Yangtze River Delta, causing movement of particularly large, “companies is not the lack of minority-skill jobs, but rather Pu frontline workers. ”
LI Shu, and frankly, and Hui knitting has been part of the transfer of labor-intensive processes to Hunan, Shaoguan and other places, the Mainland eight woolen factory is responsible for the production of the production part of the plant in Dongguan, after the integration of research and development is mainly responsible for the design, “Guangdong side strokes Relative some problems working on the developments in the Mainland. ”
By the financial crisis, a number of hands without too much money for small and medium enterprises have adopted restructuring and upgrading of wool to seek survival and development, cost-effective use of numerical control loom is an important measure for restructuring and upgrading. “This will not only reduce dependence on labor, you can also train more senior skilled workers.” Ying-Qi Industrial Co., Ltd. Chief Executive Officer has day-jen said.
2010: Machine more advanced loan more smoothly
Financial crisis, so textile industry is no longer the “China town sweater,” the title of the only means of survival, Dalang. Some of the production sweater became the sudden emergence of mechanized equipment to another role.
“We will further improve the product line, will double the system’s computer flat knitting machine for technical transformation, so that the machine is more advanced, lower cost, performance, closer to the outside of the machine.” Star Computer Technology Co., Ltd. Dongguan Sheng Zu-cheng, general manager, told reporters Sheng Star CNC loom Development Center has been built and put into operation.
Zu-cheng said that the new year, Sheng Xing goal is 750 units in 2009 based on the doubling of production, that is, more than 1,500 units. “The government (Dalang) on the NC loom enterprises in financing, fee waiver, brand incentives, subsidies, and other aspects exhibitor support, so that the market also has CNC loom relatively larger space for development.”
Sheng Xing China Merchants Bank has branches, Dongguan, Dalang, Dongguan, Dalang Branch of China Construction Bank signed a strategic agreement, customers can implement Dongguan region bank mortgage, the security procedures because of production needs, Dongguan City, Tianyuan Clothing Co., Ltd. intends to plant the old NC Loom update, but there is funding shortfall. In 2009, the Company’s guarantee company filed an application, the other organizers come visit soon, after inspection, the company successfully obtained the first loan from the bank.
Soon, the company’s funds withdrawn from circulation immediately owed under the contract will be returned. Subsequently, the Tianyuan Clothing expand production, re-rented several times larger than the original plant, the original has been more than 20 sets CNC looms can not meet the production needs. So, once again for help guarantee companies. Tseng Yung-Li Tianyuan Clothing Division, General Manager said, “re-submit their applications, they feel that our ability to perform well, quickly agreed.”
“And, like many companies, we all want to loan more smoothly. There is credit, repayment fast, can we borrow more money to prepare. This is the magic weapon for the company achieve sustained confidence.” Tseng Yung-Li said.
Expert: inviting corporate funds to finance a comfortable
“If you want others to finance, you do not even get a financial statement are not, so how people believe you?” On the financing of difficult issues, Professor Lin Jiang, Lingnan College, Zhongshan University, said many SMEs have chaotic management, to invite senior management personnel to help out. In addition, enterprises can also be indirect financing by the way, invited some well-off money to finance companies.
The new year, Dalang of the wool industry about what position? Lin Jiang believes that the development of woolen machinery and equipment, the reform must start from the technology to make machines to do more sophisticated, a lower rejection rate, these enterprises with foreign enterprises must have a level of determination to fight.
Liu Ruiqi: Heng Yuan Xiang from a single brand to a multi-brand development – Heng Yuan Xiang, brands – clothing industry
Who would have thought it a recession, a long-established industry, now in long-established in Shanghai ranked first, fame? Who would expect a small shop that year, has become the 40,000 employees of the huge “economic union”? Now how many people will be interested in care yarn with a business but he just let the whole world’s eyes were fixed on wool textile industry group which most fine wool.
Liu Ruiqi This is Heng Yuan Xiang. The head of Liu Ruiqi, low-key, restrained, tone of voice is low and the. But his business plan is passion, philosophy has the courage to lead, the sword go the wrong front. He deliberately made the business a legend, the brand management arrangements into one story, sounds and Syria to one climax after another, derived the better suspense, attracting public attention. Heng Yuan Xiang originated
yarn shop of 180 sq m
Has shown signs of Liu Ruiqi, of medium height, young and handsome, who exudes energy and vitality, giving the feeling of deja vu. Along with “Aries sheep of the” three voices is sound, there’s goes on frequent full Reiki, innocent baby face, is the “cloning” Liu Ruiqi my childhood photos. Liu Ruiqi is closely linked with the Heng Yuan Xiang.
1987, the only 29-year-old Liu Ruiqi into “Heng Yuan Xiang,” When the general manager. A less than 180 square meters of small shops, business was light, is in the wool industry, the occasion of landslides. Liu Ruiqi tried to think: Where to go? History of the shop after painstaking research, he found 60-year-old has “Heng Yuan Xiang” is a vast reservoir of wealth is not a “gold mine” it? ?? “We can not be brought a golden rice bowl begging ah!” Liu Ruiqi become clear, resolutely decided to use the flagship company registration, their production of “Heng Yuan Xiang,” “Xiaonan” brand knitting wool.
Since 1991, “Heng Yuan Xiang” out of the dilemma, at an extraordinary pace miraculously developed. Year 75 tons of knitting wool production only after 6 years, “Heng Yuan Xiang,” the Commonwealth of production and sales passed the one million tons, up 130 times in one fell swoop into the country and the world’s largest wool production and marketing of the Commonwealth. Served as member of the CPC Central Committee Political Bureau, Vice Premier Wu Bangguo personally wrote an inscription: “Wool King Heng Yuan Xiang.” Year drew
1997, Liu Ruiqi his party was invited to visit Uruguay wool rich. He also has an important purpose is to meet some old friends?? Uruguayan President Julio Sanguinetti Maria Dr.
Liu Ruiqi friendship with the president should also be traced back to Uruguay in April 1997 a government delegation to visit China.
That led President Sanguinetti visit to Shanghai’s first stop on the road to Heng Yuan Xiang is located in Jinling company visits. In fact, knowledge of President Heng Yuan Xiang is starting from the wool. In 1996, Heng Yuan Xiang Uruguay Uruguay wool accounts for the use of 15% of the total wool, is the first customer in the world.
Talk about “Heng Yuan Xiang” brand, which is Liu Ruiqi experienced the most proud of editing software, he lives as precious as his example. Liu Ruiqi said, “Heng Yuan” as the company’s total mark, we have to high-quality products and good after-sales service as standard, a new face appears in front of consumers.
Heng Yuan Xiang was founded in 1927, was once a well-known firm on the beach. After 1956, public-private partnership, leaving only No. 711 Nanjing East Road, Heng Yuan Xiang more than 100 square meters of knitting wool shop, and later even “Heng Yuan Xiang,” words have changed. In 1978, Heng Yuan Xiang knitting wool shop to restore the name of the professional distribution in Nanjing East Road, Shanghai brand yarn, began to resume business.
Liu Ruiqi determined to show his hands and feet, revitalize the Heng Yuan Xiang’s glory. Advertising marketing strategy, two years after the name of Shanghai Heng Yuan Xiang, designated special shops.
1991 years ago, the company set up knitting wool Heng Yuan Xiang, Liu Ruiqi spend 900 yuan to the Bureau registered a “Heng Yuan Xiang” trademark. And advertising through OEM bombing two strategies, re-fired brand and Heng Yuan Xiang. The following year, the Group set up Vientiane, Heng Yuan Xiang Group companies to become one of knitting wool.
1994, the Vientiane group listed. Under the management of the Liu Ruiqi, Heng Yuan Xiang is becoming a major source of profits of listed companies, Liu Ruiqi was promoted to general manager of listed companies.
2000 8 24, the Shanghai Shimao Hui Wing-mau’s Investment and Development Limited for 144 million cost, the largest shareholder of shares from Vientiane, Huangpu District, Guo Ziju buy 26.43 percent stake, becoming the first shares in Vientiane major shareholders. Shimao investment of White, listed on the appointment of a new general manager, Liu Ruiqi was demoted to deputy general manager.
Shimao Group is a core real estate development company with the White Vientiane group, but the main industry in order to develop their property, and Heng Yuan Xiang Liu Ruiqi in fact already marginalized. This seems to Liu Ruiqi negative, but the idea behind the negative, just pregnant with time.
Fact, as early Shimao Group shares before the White Vientiane, Liu Ruiqi have the idea of MBO. By Liu Ruiqi talent and his contribution to the industry Heng Yuan Xiang, Liu apparently not content with the state-owned enterprises can get in return.
1998, the Shanghai Investment Consulting Company Ltd. Rong Zheng Peimin are found on the beach Liu Ruiqi is being seriously underestimated the value of one of the entrepreneurs, that through some channels Liu Ruiqi planning on “Heng Yuan Xiang,” the acquisition, but because various conditions, acquisitions can be relevant without the support. Vientiane
Shimao Group shares after the reverse merger, “Heng Yuan Xiang” in terms of the Shimao actually tasteless, but to quickly find the right assets for the Heng Yuan Xiang external buyers, it is not easy, because these assets left Liu Ruiqi as the core management team will be unable to maintain their operations. Shimao Group and Liu Ruiqi MBO to become the best choice.
In recent years, steady and rapid economic development, stimulating rapid growth in fixed assets investment, China Mould market demand. As the industry improve its competitiveness and national policy support, domestic rapid prototype Shenzhen mold industry output value and sales revenue for many years to maintain the growth rate of 20%. Die Network CEO, Shenzhen Institute of Deputy Secretary-General Luo Baihui mold technology recently introduced to the Dongguan Daily News the latest developments in the mold industry.
1, mold development prospects of the industry
1, mold market prospects in China
Mold applications continues to expand, the field has been applied to the mold that the larger and higher demand of industrial development to mold faster than the speed of development of other manufacturing industries has become a universal law, mold the world market demand, in recent years, the market total has been between 600 ~ 65 billion U.S. dollars, while China’s export was not mold to 8%, “during” can expand this share, and with the development trend of economic globalization has become more evident, mold manufacturing industry gradually China and the multinational corporations to transfer mold our country has become more evident towards the procurement of foreign and private capital to continue to favor China’s mold industry, China’s mold industry more opportunities than challenges, the future market prospects of international mold, China mold is still large room for development.
2, mold product market and increase their competitiveness
At present, China is facing the technological advantages of the developed countries and developing countries, the dual pressures of price advantage. Industrial countries die with its technological and business strengths, in the high-end molds a competitive advantage, as they are gradually entering the country, the mold industry in China becomes a tremendous challenge; India, Thailand and Eastern European countries in recent years, industrial mold developed very rapidly and the price of its mold also has a strong competitive advantage, China’s mold industry, the cost and price advantage will gradually weaken and eventually disappear. Luobai Hui said that China must die enterprises technology, management and personnel training efforts, and actively introducing foreign advanced mold manufacturing technology to enhance the ability of high-end product development die, adjusting product structure mold, mold products, continuously improve our international competitiveness.
3, mold growth rate of industry
China’s national economy in the “Eleventh Five-Year” period will continue to maintain relatively fast growth rate, to the mold industry, the development of a reliable macro support. Automotive, IT, electronic information, household appliances, OA office equipment, machinery and building materials industry, aerospace, mold needs are large power tools, home appliances and electronic information industries only example of a refrigerator Xu Yong mold about 150 parts , requiring a total of about 350 sets of molds; a need for automatic washing machine more than 150 sets of molds; one air conditioner, only to be 20 sets of plastic mold; die each model takes more than 30 sets of computers, along with its matching printer need to die more than 20 single deputy; also notebook computer, the network will have tens of millions of units set-top box market. As much as the current models developed abroad, mold import more, as China developed its own capabilities in this regard will be greatly increased demand for mold. China’s mold industry can be expected in a good macro environment of rapid development.
4, mold industry opportunities and challenges
On the one hand for the mold industry, domestic and international situation provides an unprecedented development in the development of space, while the other mold will also face more intense competitive challenges, in addition to international competition, at home, Xiaoshan, Shanghai and Shenzhen, will develop mold industries, such as Xiaoshan You into the mold company’s annual sales revenue reached 2 billion, as Friends of the Japanese professional mold factory mechanic’s wholly-owned enterprises, mainly engaged in automotive and appliance dies production, is currently being planned for the support of Xiaoshan City Hong Kong GEM; Huangyan mold industry in management, equipment, technology has also been taking the forefront in the province; mold more than 30 million annual production value of Wenzhou City, is preparing the further development of the mold industry, the five leading enterprise jointly set up mold Constant Field mold company 200 million yuan investment mold built based technology centers were the focus of government support; once the dominant player in the country mold industry in Shanghai, want to revive the former glory of the Shanghai Municipal Economic Commission, the main control center is in full swing mold to build an area of 1,500 acres, modern industrial park will soon die show in front of people; Suzhou New District proposed building a high level with international standards of modern industrial base mold the idea of an area of 2,000 acres ; South China University and the Guangdong Fonda Group signed an agreement, prepared to die city of Changan Town, Dongguan City, played an important cause of mold in southern China R & D base; Shenzhen City in the industrial structure adjustment, the clear will die as the head of the advanced manufacturing industry, investment about 6 billion yuan industrial park building mold; invest 5 billion yuan in Chongqing to build China’s largest, highest standard of automobile, motorcycle mold industrial park, planned in 2035, the annual output value of 3.0 billion; Shantou Plastic Machinery Mould total annual output value of over 10 billion yuan, currently about plastics, machinery and related tooling enterprises with 3,000, most of the companies complete the introduction of Germany, France, Italy and Taiwan, the region’s new CNC mold processing equipment, greatly improved product performance and quality grade . There are a number of other provinces and cities in China (Nanchang, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Xi’an, Dalian, Yantai, Shandong, Hebei Botou) have to seize our country is becoming a “world factory” great opportunity to create molds Park, brewing industry further escalation of the mold.
Second, analysis of industry trends mold
1, mold market globalization, the mold further reduce the production cycle
Mold the globalization of markets is the most important features of today’s mold industry is one of the mold buyers and manufacturers all over the world, the globalization of the development of tooling industry to the production process is simple, low precision mold processing enterprises to the technology is relatively backward in productivity than Countries with low migration, mold manufacturing enterprises in developed countries are located in the production of high levels of mold, mold manufacturing enterprises have to face global competition, manufacturers have to die while doing everything possible to speed up the production progress, efforts to simplify and abolishes necessary to the production process, the mold production cycle will be further reduced.
2, Die CAD / CAM to the integration, intelligence, and network development
More complete software modules, while the function module using the same data model and implement integrated management and sharing of information, support mold design, manufacturing, assembly, inspection, testing and production management of the entire process. Some series software includes a surface / solid geometric modeling, engineering drawing complex geometry, advanced rendering industrial design, mold design expert system, complex physical CAM, artistic design and sculpture automatic programming system, reverse engineering system and the complex physical-line measurement system ; mold design, analysis, manufacturing three-dimensional technology, paperless new generation of software to three-dimensional mold, intuitive sense to design the mold, using three-dimensional digital model can be easily used in the product structure of the CAE analysis, mold can produce evaluation and, forming process simulation and information management and sharing; the same time as competition, cooperation, production and management of globalization and internationalization, and rapid development of computer hardware and software technology, network Shide Zai die industry virtual design, agile manufacturing technology both necessary and possible.
3, mold technology to high speed machining, hard milling and compound machining direction
With the precision mold to develop in the direction of and large, ultra-precision finishing technology over 1?m and collector, chemical, ultrasonic, laser processing technology integrated with the composite mold in the future will have broad prospects. High-speed machining to the workpiece surface was smooth, save processing time, typically only a step away from 0.0254mm, and sharp point only 0.001mm high, after the majority of high-speed machining of the workpiece surface is very smooth, no fitter further processing. Currently, machine tool manufacturers are keen on the production process and the specially designed high-speed machining center, high-speed processing technology in the United States to reduce or eliminate fitter process is a considerable efficiency measures, this technology in Europe and Japan popular. In addition, hardening of the material processing with a full mold cavity mold processing industry is another important trend. High spindle speed and a small tool radius cutting carried out by the formation of mildly enough torque, can be used to process up to 64HRC hardness of metal materials, because no need for heat treatment, conventional heat treatment and tempering after the offset caused by the heat treatment carried out by the geometric deformation of grinding also do not need, and the technology in Japan, the acclaimed, now in the United States has also been a lot of attention and positive spread in Europe.
With the rapid development of new technologies, foreign countries have emerged mold automatic processing system that the rational combination of multiple machines, with accompanying positioning fixture or positioning disk, a complete equipment, tools and CNC numerical control database synchronization system of flexible with real-time quality monitoring and control system.
4, mold will be large, precision, standardization direction
On the one hand increasingly large part of molding and to improve production efficiency development of “a multi-cavity mold,” led to mold growing large, the other electronic information industry, medicine, rapid development has brought parts of miniaturization and precision, some tolerance precision mold requires less in the 1?m. Another multi-functional composite mold will develop further, in addition to the new multi-functional composite mold Stamping parts, also responsible for layers, tapping, riveting and assembly tasks such as locking, to further improve production efficiency.
Mold standard parts used in developed countries generally cover about 80%, as China’s mold industry, mold will enhance standardization, standardization will be further enhanced mold, mold standard parts of the application and production in the “Eleventh Five-Year” will be greater during the development.
5, the hot runner mold species, mold and adapt to the high-pressure gas-assisted injection molding direction
Mold with hot runner technology can improve productivity and quality of workpiece, and can produce significant savings of raw materials, many foreign plastic mold factory produced more than 50% of plastic molds using hot runner technology, and some have more than 80% The effect is obvious; Gas-assisted injection molding with injection pressure is low, Warpage small, good surface quality and easy-to-wall forming larger products, such as differences in advantages in the premise of ensuring product quality and substantially reduce costs; high-pressure injection molding of resin shrinkage can be forced to increase the dimensional stability of plastic parts; another injection compression molding technology, enables forming a small piece of local internal strain can be less thick Molding shrinkage, while the narrow components for plastic parts can also be injected resin, and used a small injection of power to get good products, these technologies are gradually promoting the use of.
6, very broad prospects for rapid economic mold
Many varieties of small batch production era, people asked mold production cycle as short as possible, so rapid economic development of mold will have broad prospects. Expected in the 21st century, with various superplastic materials to produce molds with epoxy, polyester, or in which the filler metal and glass reinforcement and making simple molds and other production means the ratio of total industrial production will reach 75%. Rapid economic mold include rapid prototyping, surface forming tooling, casting forming tooling, extrusion mold technology and ultra-molded shape, multi-point forming technology, KEVRON steel blanking blanking tooling , mold blank rapid manufacturing technology.
7, high-quality mold materials and advanced surface treatment technology attention
Due to improper selection and use of materials, causing premature die failure, which accounts for more than 45% failure die, so choose the appropriate application of high-quality steel and surface treatment technologies to improve the life of the mold is very important to improve the purity of steel, isotropic , the density and uniformity, and development of more high-performance or performance of a special mold steel, mold steel specifications development, expansion of other high-quality mold materials such as carbide, ceramic materials, composite materials, the application of such a major research focus; use aluminum alloy for mold materials to shorten the molding cycle, reducing die costs, will be faster in the rapid economic development of mold.
Mold surface is the main trends: the infiltration of a single element to the multi-element penetration, complex permeability development, from the general diffusion to CVD, PVD, PCVD, ion penetration, the direction of ion implantation, etc., can be used in the coating are: TiC, TiN, TiCN, TiAlN, CrN, Cr7C3, W2C, etc., while heat means heat from the atmosphere to the development of vacuum heat treatment. Currently laser strengthening, glow plasma nitriding and electroplating (plating) enhanced anti-corrosion technologies are also more and more attention.
8, auto, IT development impact the electronics industry market sentiment dies
China imported the first negative mold growth, mold industry by the “one large and one small” pull, the development of really good the last two years. “A major” refers to the automotive industry, automobile industry refers to not only vehicle, as well as automotive components, such as the United States at present in China for the first time the second largest auto parts exporter, which means that China’s auto mold market has played an irreplaceable role. Its rapid development of mold plays an important role in driving, “a small” refers to the IT electronics industry. Die in 2006 for the 2.047 billion U.S. dollars of total imports, 2.068 billion U.S. dollars in 2005 reduced the 21 million U.S. dollars, for the first time negative growth, stopped the momentum of the expansion of imports increased every year; exports totaled 1.041 billion U.S. dollars, more than an increase of 41.06 percent in 2005, for the first time over 10 billion dollars and imports to reduce the deficit down, is very gratifying.
9, the mold need to further adjust the industrial structure
Although the mold industry and previous years has made significant progress, but there are still many problems. For example, the phenomenon of irrational industrial structure still exist. Structure, including product mix, technological structure, import and export structures, there are different degrees of problems. For example, in the import and export structure, due to the mold design and manufacturing standards and capabilities can not meet the market demand, therefore, die every year a large number of imports, especially high-end products. In 2006 the import and export stamping die, if by weight, priced at 14,913 U.S. dollars / t, and 5,869 U.S. dollars / t, much higher than the import export; while for plastic rubber mold, in 2006 imports and exports were 413,715 units and 1,217,772 units, exports is far greater than imports, while the unit is very different from the poor: the import price of 2532 U.S. dollars / set, the export price 602 U.S. dollars / set, a difference of four times, although the export volume was nearly 3 times the amount of imports, but still below the total amount of imports . That we are still importing large quantities of high quality molds, exports are dominated by middle and low. Therefore, in the long run, the rationalization of import and export trends should be expanded exports and reduce imports, making exports more than imports. Obviously, this also needs to want to be a period of time.
10 management companies restrict the development of mold
Unlike mold manufacturing process management product management, it is the face of unit production of the mold industry, and how digital information management, is very learned. If the mold is not a scientific management, dynamic management approach, we can not guarantee orderly mold manufacturing, rapid prototype Shenzhen mold supplier in time. Meanwhile, each company’s mold products are different, so they need individual management. Those who do well die business, they have a set of unique, for their own management, but that too few companies. Luobai Hui pointed out that the mold business if we do not focus on management development will not continue, and this has seriously constrained the mold enterprise development bottlenecks.
China Mobile Communications Development for 20 years, mobile terminal development of the industry was only ten years. This decade, China’s mobile phone industry is experiencing market share from zero to half of the glory, but also experienced the pain of inventory backlog funding strand breaks, but struggled in ups and downs, one from the chip to the operating system, application software from the platform to the , from program design to machine-made completely autonomous mobile industrial chain has been formed.
China-made mobile phone in early spring
China’s mobile phone industry, are able to come today, the formation of the terminal market, foreign brands to compete with the situation, in the upstream and downstream to form a relatively complete industrial chain, fully benefited from the Chinese Government in 1998 brewing since 1999 implemented policies.
Prior to 1999, China’s mobile phone market is monopolized by international brands, Motorola, Nokia, Ericsson is the market’s major brands, all cell phones need to be imported.
The Ministry of Information Industry was established in 1998 to change this situation shoulder the historic mission. In 1999, China began to identify strongly support the policy of domestic mobile phone market, mainly took out 400 million yuan from the treasury to support a certain technological and economic strength of the mobile phone production enterprises, Ministry of Information Industry allocated from the mobile phone network costs 14 million to support the development of domestic mobile phone business, while the state has five years of initial installation fee from a fixed telephone to extract 5% in support of the domestic mobile phone research and industrialization of the special funding.
Matched with this, and at that time issued an important document – “V document”, the specific reference to “strictly control the mobile communications product project project examination and approval,” and that “the production of mobile phones into the national guidance Plan. ”
“V document” form for a very long time the leading domestic mobile phone production “license” system. In March 2005, before the domestic mobile phone market has 49 licenses: one GSM mobile phone licenses, 30, was sent to 13 joint ventures and 17 domestic enterprises; CDMA mobile phone licenses, 19, 1 8 was sent to domestic enterprises and joint ventures, only one was sent to foreign Motorola’s; has 14 companies with both GSM and CDMA licenses obtained. In addition to strictly control the import of foreign mobile communications products, the Ministry of Information Industry also provides mobile phone exports of foreign-funded enterprises currently account for total capacity of at least 60%.
Country’s support policies to bring the spring home-made mobile phones in 2003, the domestic mobile phone market more than 7000 million of total sales, the domestic mobile phone accounts for more than 55%, to the development history of domestic mobile phone market share high.
The rapid expansion of the market sentiment attracted more companies to enter the field of mobile phones, many enterprises in the case of unsuccessful application for a license to OEM, etc., in this regard makes the part of the licensed enterprise “something for nothing” and it is not conducive to market regulation. By the end of 2004, as “V document” time has come to the entry into force, the state decided to implement the many years of “license” system into mobile phone production “approval system.” February 19, 2005, three days after the Spring Festival holiday, the National Development and Reform Commission issued a “mobile communication system and terminal investment projects approved by a number of provisions.” China’s mobile phone industry, embarked on another track.
Evolution of two generations of the three companies created
So far, it can be said of domestic mobile phone industry has experienced two generations of mobile phone manufacturers. Generally speaking, pre-approval system to obtain a license for the first-generation businesses, in March 2005 after the adoption of the approved enterprises engaged in production of second-generation mobile phone business.
This is because the market in which two generations of business environment, industry environment, as well as their backgrounds are different in terms of operating and market performance is also very different. Of course, as some enterprises themselves are also changing as the environment constantly adjust themselves to the abstract summarizes the characteristics of these two generations, business is not easy, it is best to first understand the development process of domestic mobile phone enterprises.
The first phase, 2002 years ago. Many people are willing to trade since 1999, but I believe that should be able to go back, which is China’s mobile phone industry, dormant period.
This stage, the relevant functional departments in the government a series of supportive policies, the large number of enterprises have also seen the prospect of the mobile phone market, to do, “the Chinese people’s own mobile phone.” In 1999, before the special, a number of enterprises dedicated to mobile phone research and development, such as Zhejiang, Eastern Communications in 1997 in Silicon Valley in the United States invested a mobile phone R & D base; 1998 Kejian sent six people to the United States COMQUEST companies R & D team; a joint venture plant background domestic firms by foreign brands mobile phones of the production process of research and study and develop its own team of engineers.
The early transfer fee patents millions of dollars at every turn, ZTE, Kejian, Konka, Huawei and other domestic enterprises to carry out a large number of system integration program development, including COMQUEST program, Lucent Technologies program, BORDCOM program, AD I program, TI Program , PHILIPS program, SKYWORKS program, Infineon programs, etc., to cultivate a large number of mobile phone technologies such as R & D engineers in the field laid the foundation for China’s domestic mobile phone enterprises technological accumulation period.
From the end of 1998, a number of independent research and development of mobile phones one after another in Dongxin, Kejian, Capitel advent of laboratory and other enterprises. But in the market, this time the majority of domestic mobile phone or in MKD (the introduction of machine methods), SKD (large CKD), or the use of mobile phone communication module approach to production and processing. The share of domestic mobile phones is still in the stage of a gradual climb.
The second phase, from 2002 to 2004. The author is willing to be known as the “hero of the bush phase”, because at this stage, domestic mobile phone fortunate to catch up with consumer demand in China’s mobile communications during a large outbreak, coupled with domestic mobile phone to play a localized edge channels and the use of suitable conditions marketing, the share of domestic mobile phones has been rising. In 2002, domestic mobile phone snatched 30% of the domestic mobile phone market share; in 2003, this figure soared to 55%, reaching a record high.
But the glory has come too early, not yet able to grasp the domestic mobile phone R & D capabilities, but also had time to sort out the loopholes in the management, it is not so much an opportunity as it is a test. Domestic mobile phone sales has been steadily rising in the circumstances, on the one hand a large number of stocking, to continue the introduction of complete sets of components; the one hand, Bird, TCL, the South High-tech and other enterprises, but also have their own acquisition of mobile phone development platform, for system integration development, an attempt to fill the shortage of technology . This phase of China-made mobile phones, is created by current events, “Heroes” can be a good first-class situation disappear, competition, environmental degradation, “bush” period of vulnerability on the evolution of the big hole.
The third phase, 2004-present. This is the stage of adjustment and poised. In the above hidden under the 2004 decline in share of domestic mobile phones, retreated to 50% do not speak, but also there was defeated in 2006, fell to 28% below. At the same time, some enterprises have been a financial strand breaks, collapse, easy to master, coaching change or even shut down the situation, once a brilliant brands such as Kejian, Panda, Capitel, Eastcom, Soutec have withdrawn from the market, there are some old brands, such as the Bird, TCL, Konka began to adjust its strategies. In this session, there had been some impact on future patterns of mobile phone industry, the factors that make the whole industry further into the stage of adjustment and reserves, namely: approval system, black cell phones and 3G technology.
Approval system and black mobile phones are linked to some extent, it also said earlier the birth of a second-generation Chinese-made mobile phones. Now re-run these two generations of mobile phone features, the first generation of business because it is “license” system a little more than a product of the sense of mission, to large enterprises, operating system, not as good as the second generation of less flexible; second-generation mobile phone enterprises to the private capital-based, profit goals are more clear, pragmatic and responsive corporate culture, but because of the lack of sense of national mobile phone industry, is difficult to see it invest in R & D, etc., to adapt to these more “eco-chain operations” of the mobile phone business Can a real and strong, with international brands Bipin is still unknown.
Industrial ecological chain from the “core” perfect
Although the pattern of domestic mobile phones is still evolving, but it can already guess, domestic mobile phone will eventually occupy the domestic and global markets, an important position. At the same time, on the Ready-made mobile phones, development, and then gathered momentum in the process, a complete autonomous mobile phone industry chain has been formed.
Design is the mobile phone industry an important link in the chain. The end of 2001, early 2002, China’s mobile phone design company (desig nhouse) sprouted up to Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen for the center, formed a design company co-existence of dozens of the situation, these companies developed a direct result of is to make a large number of South Korean, Japanese design company to close down. Mobile phone design industry peaked in 2005, of which TechFaith Wireless, the dragon flag, Rahim, such as 3-pass success in overseas listed companies, represented by. According to incomplete statistics, in China’s mobile phone design company in size Ba Jiubai home, only the size of Shenzhen, there are three or four hundred at home.
Cell phone chip is the core of the ecological chain. When mobile phones are the lifeline of the company’s center of gravity moved from the design time of chips, China domestic mobile phone chip design development and the underlying hardware, software protocol stack design and development has been developed from scratch, and gradually matured. Today, the real China’s “core” of the mobile phone market is already a minority in China. Spreadtrum established in 2001 is the domestic market is currently among the top three of the baseband processor providers, Spreadtrum thus be listed on Nasdaq. In addition, Chipnuts, Anyka multimedia processors and other enterprises have also been applied to a new generation of home-made phone.
Other mobile phone industry chain in the various important parts, such as resistors, capacitors, inductors and other electronic devices, have been gradually localization, battery batteries, battery package, charger, earphone and other accessories has been completely attached to localization; Speaker, Receiver, Mi – crophone and other electro-acoustic devices, vibration motor, side buttons, I / O jack, headphone jack, SIM card connector and other components are also largely domestically; mobile phone displays and other components there are already local companies export to the domestic mobile phone enterprises. These essential components of products, there are many companies because of their good quality products and excellent value for money, but also into the Motorola and other large international companies purchasing lists of companies at a loss to South Korea and Japan.
At the same time, domestic mobile phone production as well as ancillary peripheral industry group has also been rapid development of the SMT from the front to the back-end processing and assembly, not only every major mobile phone manufacturers a complete production line, but also to the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta cities of Dongguan and Suzhou 2 the central area of radiation out of the 1000 SMT factory, mold manufacturing and coating plant and processing plant. Recently, with the establishment of BYD, and Techfaith Wireless companies than Germany, but also a major international brands for OEM EMS plant may be born.
Decade, the achievements of a such a large and complete the ecological environment, perhaps only China can.
US tires safeguard the introduction of China’s tire industry is no doubt generate more far-reaching effect in the tire industry chain will other industries, such as synthetic rubber, carbon black, coal tar, styrene what kind of impact?
Related industries are beginning to worry, tires safeguard secondary effects associated will also be coal tar, anthracene oil, carbon black oil out of a series of raw materials markets. According to industry estimates, the final view, the tire industry chain and related industries will not be a huge impact, its impact is limited.
Carbon Black Industry Less Affected
Analysts believe that special protection is mainly the case for small cars and light truck tires exports, less impact on the carbon black industry.
Car tire production in China in 2008 was 350 million, according to car tire consumption of carbon black 1.64 kg each calculation, the United States imposed punitive tariffs on China tire after the 7.5 tons of carbon black will look for other sales channels. According to CBI data analysis, in 2008 the domestic demand of 230 million tons of carbon black, which is 75 thousand tons of carbon input to the United States, accounting for only 3.26% of domestic demand for carbon black.
Therefore, many black businesses that safeguard action has a certain influence on the carbon black industry. It is understood that carbon black production plants are currently in the normal order of production, while the response of carbon black agents is relatively calm.
August sales of carbon black has been better than early, early in September sales various carbon black business remained in the balance. To weaken the impact of tires safeguard the majority of carbon black business case put back in before the special safeguard, already in advance of the sales channel to be adjusted, at the same time, the average operating rate of domestic carbon black plant is also under control in 70% of the upper and lower .
Indirectly Affected by Coal Tar and Styrene
The coal tar processing enterprises, which mainly concerns the market demand and coal tar anthracene oil price movements.
Domestic coke production has been limited due in full swing, both around the tar yield reduction in different degrees, the current domestic market as a whole has coal tar in the upstream channel being. However, the U.S. safeguard action on the coal tar tire market adversely. Most industry companies in the industry that coal tar market demand and will not place a large variable in the short term the status of coal tar for less than the demand will continue to exist.
Downstream products include styrene SBR, while the major downstream products of SBR tires, of which about 40% of domestic production will be exported in the form of the tire market digested, in the case of special protection, the tire was cut off exports of the road no doubt, SBR of downstream demand corresponding directly affected.
SBR production from some of the companies was informed that the prices of their products face loose trend is also expected to follow the factory started gradually lowered.
The total gross domestic downstream styrene SBR needs 4% 4% may face certain decline in demand, although weak storm, but the market still have an indirect impact styrene.
Rubber market, “worse”
Natural rubber, styrene butadiene rubber, polybutadiene rubber, plastic kind of the three is an important raw material for tire production. Analysts believe that the tires safeguard the announcement of the results, so the price of rubber on the sway worse. Natural rubber futures affected by the safeguard action, September 1 Hujiao limit-down, on plastic or even a single day since 2009, experienced the largest decline.
Synthetic rubber, the trade companies that had expected with 11 holiday draws near, mid-lower reaches of the tire plant will return to the market began to purchase 10, but released the results of special protection, led to some of the tire factory had to readjust the pace of procurement.
Currently, the domestic market because the supply of well-off styrene butadiene rubber, the price rose higher resistance, since August, Sinopec Qilu Petrochemical exports began (600,002, stock it) styrene-butadiene rubber, in September while exports increased, a corresponding reduction in the domestic supply , price formation on the SBR support.
Three Mistakes of Understanding VoIP business and development-VoIP, telecommunications, telephone networks – Communications Industry
TDM-based technology from the telephone switch to packet voice technology as the core technology of the telephone, telephone technology transition direction is determined. In many packet voice technology, VoIP is the only possible direction of development is the mainstream technology for future telephone use, VoIP phone networks in the future status has been established. Telecommunications regulators and telecommunications research sector, telecom operators, telecom equipment manufacturers for the VoIP technology and the current status quo is clear, also gave a high concern and high priority, in fact, has been adopted to varying degrees. Especially in the last two years, various forms of international VoIP services continue to emerge, especially in enterprises to adopt VoIP technology, heating, led the people of the VoIP technology and applications of attention once again. 3 Big Misunderstanding However, the Ministry of Information Industry Jiang Lintao Chief Engineer Telecommunications Research Institute recently in the “IP voice network in China Conference & Exhibition” to do the opening speech that the current understanding of the industry on VoIP there are 3 major errors. One misunderstanding: VoIP Simple VoIP technologies and concepts simple and easy but not its current form and function to provide the business is simple, just a simple point to point call, only phone numbers and IP address mapping database and user terminals an IP phone software can be realized. VoIP is really simple, and its implication of the energy is great, but for various reasons were artificially buried. Misunderstandings 2: VoIP Cheap VoIP services are cheap, but not because of cheap VoIP equipment and transmission costs low, but because of lower operating costs later. In the telephone service network, the main equipment of the overhead costs have not, nor is the cost of transmission costs, but the cost of operation and maintenance is the cost of operation and maintenance personnel. In fact, TDM business equipment costs and transmission costs almost the same now with VoIP, or even lower. Misunderstandings 3: VoIP business needs is not clear
VoIP’s real advantage is that it is a telephone service network development, technology direction, to facilitate business operation and maintenance system synthesis and integration, can generate a large number of telecommunications service network. VoIP for the enterprise cost control, efficiency and business process optimization to provide both traditional communication technologies can not match advantage, once the true scale of commercial carriers, their business needs and business models will be clear and clear. Towards the future development of View from the business, VoIP has had poor quality, cheap, local use of VoIP has been developed to scale the network, the leading operator participation, consumer awareness, and identified as the next generation of alternative network core technology and promising business, but how VoIP should generate profits? Read from the business model and strategy, based on different networks and technologies to adopt the business model and development strategy is totally different, but after a period of development, each has formed relatively unique pattern of development. So what will happen to the future of VoIP technology? VoIP is a technology, it is the voice transmission in IP online; current telecommunications business is moving 100% IP-based direction, it is inevitable that VoIP technology trends and directions. Jiang Lintao that VoIP can have three applications, the IMS system for the transmission of sound; for point to point or multi-point voice communication between; used to build a new telephone system to replace the traditional phone. IMS system in the future, audio and video business is one of the main business, and in audio and video business, voice transmission is used in VoIP technology. But for the future of audio and video services, VoIP technology needs, there are many technical breakthroughs, such as: audio and video synchronization, audio coding technology. So, technically speaking, for there are a lot of work to do VoIP.
China’s steel industry in Taiwan usher in brilliant glass. Taiwan News, Taiwan Association for the Advancement of plastic reinforced the view that a growth in Taiwan’s history of glass fiber reinforced plastic, that is, a history of struggle – 43 years, work hard in order to explore the heritage of wisdom and hard work, hard work have been worthy of the glory of today’s achievement. 65 years ago, only 300 tons of glass, steel production output value of less than 50 million NT in 2007 Taiwan FRP production to 45 million tons, production value of up to 120 billion Taiwan dollars. Direction of their industries from the early purely labor-intensive development of the technology / capital-intensive.
In particular, the two sides FRP industry proud of is that Taiwan’s yacht industry has become the world’s 5th largest export base, exports reached 8.5 billion NT, luxury mega-yacht priced as high as 15 million U.S. dollars / ships. Taiwan’s carbon fiber sports equipment, annual production value of up to 10 billion Taiwan dollars, of which carbon-fiber bike sales up more than 20 million vehicles, accounting for 70% of the global market, the output value of up to 40 billion Taiwan dollars. Early access to the mainland of raw materials businesses and product businesses, such as the Changxing, the weft, Taibo, Bi-Cheng, the national essence, the opportunities today, and into, Holley and other companies, performance has doubled, promoting cross-strait trade market interaction and enhancement of skills . Last year, the latitude companies to invest in number 10 million, with Shanghai Donghua University, the establishment of technical cooperation, to MW-class wind power glass fiber reinforced blades marked with national brands of epoxy resin.
Wei and from now on the move to Shanghai, Tianjin, Shanghai and Tianjin, the face of the two fan blades of “feng shui treasure land”, to strike a practical case, in order to enter the global-megawatt wind power market with high-performance epoxy resin. Glass fiber reinforced plastic industry in Taiwan based on both the local development and application of attention, and constantly increasing cross-strait and overseas markets, innovation and expansion. Taiwan Power Company’s glass fiber edge surface, electroplating and dyeing, is strength in the global market, but they are not satisfied with this, from the markets to go to the market research and development, to help customers make good use of materials, good product.
At present the company’s products have been applied to a notebook computer casings, and the PDA case and other electronic communication products. Taiwan ex-Liang BMC specializes in manufacture of electrical insulators, from the development of dedicated high-voltage electrical BMC parts, extend to the electrical / optical, auto parts, railway vehicles, launching phenolic BMC, vinyl ester BMC, thermal conductivity and other BMC. BMC fuel cell bipolar plate is the company’s high-tech products ex-liang, 50 percent of its exports overseas, Japan’s Mitsubishi, Fuji, Hitachi’s long-term customers. US-Ming Industrial Co., Ltd. is Taiwan’s largest and oldest winding FRP pipe manufacturing plants, in recent years has been out of F / W products, the old path, but rather participate in the Taiwan region, various engineering project design and development of FRP with water cooling, sewage treatment, environmental application, intelligent winding products.
In particular, the United States out in industrial design and manufacture of multi-walled FRP tank in Taiwan’s premier, the message can be an early warning tank leakage. You pull into the company leading fiberglass / wrapped FRP products, its high-strength high-pressure FRP pipe and bar to the material, design, craft the highest state, 30% of products exported. Active in the water market opportunity for cross-strait industrial companies in China currently has seven factories and 60 production and marketing of multiple distribution points, six other foreign companies, Taiwan’s local nine, with 46 years history of the development opportunity for industry, is Asia’s largest a professional manufacturer of cooling towers in 1992, to enter the mainland market, mainland China accounted 1 / 4 of the market share.
According to Chinese experts, industry associations epoxy resin, glass fiber reinforced plastic industry in Taiwan reached today, with Taiwan’s steel industry, glass manufacturers and entrepreneurs, long-term for the fighting spirit is inseparable from the international market. Little Taiwan’s market, at best, only a third of its two-thirds of the market to go abroad to seek. Glass, steel companies in Taiwan, the second generation Master “Houshengkewei”, they generally have a higher cultural, scientific and technological knowledge, Eternal Chemical, Taibo, Tomonari, and into, the opportunities, electric edge, En-Liang, forest lake, Yoshiaki , Wei Shan and other family enterprises, general manager of the new generation, mostly from Europe and the United States, the Japanese students who come back later, again in the spirit of the older tradition of hard struggle, the workers from the enterprise management positions start a step by step along.
Taiwan’s steel industry usher in brilliant glass and also with the Taiwan Association for the Advancement reinforced plastic arduous and persistent spirit of service inseparable. Number of 10 years, led by Association for the Advancement of foreign enterprises in Taiwan went to Europe and the United States FRP inspection, as the world’s two JEC Composites Center and the CFA’s members. After the opening of cross-strait Association will actively participate in frequent cross-strait exchange activities, an annual delegation to participate in China Composites Expo, enthusiastic practitioners in Taiwan to find information, seek business opportunities.
According to the China Association of epoxy resin industry experts, they combine in the form of production and research, weaving business network, integrating all parties in Taiwan advantages of composite materials, and promoted the launching of a number of major technology projects. Association for the Advancement in recent years, worked in MW-class wind power, rail vehicles Composites give the industry a lot of information and coordination, by the Taiwan area highly valued by the industry. As the world’s advanced composite materials to accelerate the pace of development, the Council has also proposed the establishment of Taiwan’s Advanced Composites brewing center, to participate in international and cross-strait high-performance of composite technology and the industrialization of co-operation.
In August 2003, China Light Industry Association, China Furniture Association awarded Angie “China’s township chair industry,” the honorary title.
Anji is an important production base of the chair industry, but also an important national chair industry, trade, distribution center. Angie’s chair industry first started in the 80s last century, science and education in 1982, Anji Equipment Factory and Shanghai Tongji University, Beijing University and other colleges and universities joined hands and together developed a first to five rounds of swivel chairs, become the first five rounds of production companies swivel chair one. The product has novel shape, easy to use, versatile and so obviously superior to the traditional characteristics of a seat, so in short supply in the market, swivel and move towards the rapid development of production at the country, “leisurely minyu, 10000 pursuit of” ad words is almost well-known. In 1992, after Deng Xiaoping’s southern, Anji private economy sector have joined the swivel, allowing the further concentration of production factors, swivel industry began to enter rapid development period, the product from a single swivel chair series production to the direction of development, and currently has a office chair, massage chair, chair, leisure chair, sofa and various accessories six series.
At present, the Anji chair industry, already has 415 manufacturing enterprises, the annual production of 25 million or more chairs, five swivel market leading product sales (including the series accessories) products account for 35% or so. Anji chair industry sales and marketing network covers all provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions, nearly a thousand points of sale peripherals and office swivel chairs the domestic market share of sales accounted for more than 35%. The international market is also expanding, and products are exported to the United States, Australia, Canada, Middle East, Africa, Europe and other countries and regions, swivel exports since last year, the county became the first export product.
At present, an area of 1,000 acres of park Anji chair industry characteristics, the 35 enterprises have invested 263 million yuan admission, the majority of businesses had been completed and put into operation, two 3,000 acre park features the chair industry, are under construction.
Anji County, Anji county chair of the development of confidence in the industry and put forward: Through decades of effort to raise the overall industrial level Anji chair industry and its international status in the country to play well Anji chair industry caused by the nation’s largest, quality first-class, comprehensive range of chair industry in the world’s manufacturing center. By 2012, sales revenue of the whole industry to break 10.0 billion average annual increase of 30%, annual sales income over 20 million enterprises; exports 100 million U.S. dollars in corporate 1-2 super-home; and striving for national brand-name products (known R) 2 or more, focusing on enterprise technology and equipment, production technology, design and development capability to reach the domestic advanced level.